Converting terrain to
Basic (Single-layer) 0.3x terrain to 0.4 conversion¶
As of 0.4.0, The terrain format changed into what's now called .terrn2, This page will teach you how to easily convert a basic terrain to 0.4.
- Any text editor (I recommend Notepad++ as I will use one of its features)
- GIMP (Version 2.8.x is used in this tutorial)
- DDS texture plugin for GIMP This page will not explain how to install it.
What defines a "Single-layer" terrain?¶
In the old .terrn format's .cfg file, you will find a line at the top in this format:
This is the texture image for this single-layer. A majority of 0.3x terrains only use this layer for their terrain texture. Terrains that have more than one texture layer use Alpha Splatting which is not covered in this tutorial.
Getting the template¶
I have made and uploaded a template terrain here with the right file structure which will be used throughout this tutorial. Download the raw heightmap version, as 0.3x terrains use .raw heightmaps.
Choosing your terrain to convert¶
Lots of terrains have already been converted, you can find them here, don't waste your time converting a terrain that has already been converted! In this tutorial I will be converting the Cliffdrop terrain.
Once you've downloaded the template terrain, extract it into a folder using any zipping program (Windows can extract files by default, but I use 7-Zip. It should look like this:
Extract the 0.3x terrain zip into that same folder. Now it should look like this:
Rename the template_04 files to match your terrain's file name Delete the template_04.raw file first as you will get duplicate errors otherwise!:
Transfering terrain information to 0.4 terrain files¶
Now that you've got both the new 0.4 files and the old terrain files in the zip, I will start out by transfering the information from the .terrn file to the .terrn2 file. If you're using Notepad++, you can open both files and have them side-by-side for easy editing:
.terrn -> .terrn2¶
[General] #Name of your terrain, defined at the top of the .terrn file. Name = Cliff Drop Crash Test Map #File name of the heightmap configuration (0.3x's .cfg) GeometryConfig = Cliffdrop.otc #If your map doesn't have water, keep this value at the default (0) and delete the WaterLine=1.0 line. Water=0 #Replace 1.0 with the value from your .terrn #WaterLine=1.0 #Terrain/water color, best to leave it at the default. AmbientColor = 0.93, 0.86, 0.76 #The position RoRBot spawns at when the terrain is loaded. Since 0.4 only has one position and 0.3x has three, copy *only* #one of the positions. If one of them spawns in the wrong place ingame, try another one. #1364.25, 121.028, 1272.22, 0, -86.6805, 0662842 #The numbers do not have to be seperated by commas. StartPosition = 1364.25 121.028 1272.22 #Where the map will be located in the terrain selector menu. leave it as the default. More about ID's here: #https://archives.rigsofrods.org/wiki/index.php/Truck_Categories CategoryID = 129 #Version of the terrain. If no version number is listed by the author, leave it as the default. Version = 1 #Unique ID of the terrain. If none is listed in the .terrn, generate one at #https://guidgenerator.com GUID = 9b202f78-ba1c-4d58-9996-61066fa5d9fc #Extras #If your map has a groundmodel, define the landuse file in this format: #TractionMap = landuse.cfg #If your map has a custom Caelum sky file, define it in this format: #CaelumConfigFile = #If your map uses a custom Sandstorm sky file (ex. Aspen Grove), define it here. Otherwise, leave it as the default. SandStormCubeMap = tracks/skyboxcol #Authors of the terrain. If the .terrn file doesn't list who made the map, just put "unknown". You may list yourself for converting the terrain. [Authors] terrain = Box5Diesel converting = Michael10055 #Filename for the object file. [Objects] Cliffdrop.tobj= #If your map has a race script define it here in this format: #All 0.3x races use .terrn.as as the extension, include the .terrn also: [Scripts] #template_04.terrn.as=
.cfg -> .otc¶
;Heightmap values ;size (horizontal/vertical) Heightmap.0.0.raw.size=1025 ;bytes per pixel (1 = 8bit, 2=16bit) Heightmap.0.0.raw.bpp=2 ;If the terrain heightmap needs to be flipped (eg. Terragen exports raw upside down) Heightmap.0.0.flipX=1 ;Terrain size values ;size WorldSizeX=3000 WorldSizeZ=3000 ;Terrain max height WorldSizeY=300 ;To disable game caching when working on a terrain. disableCaching=1 ;Filename to define the textures. PageFileFormat=Cliffdrop-page-0-0.otc ;If the .cfg has this defined, set it here. Otherwise, leave it as the default MaxPixelError=3 ;Advanced 0.4 texture values, best to leave them as the defaults. LightmapEnabled=0 SpecularMappingEnabled=1 NormalMappingEnabled=0
.cfg -> *.-page-0-0.otc¶
Cliffdrop.raw = Heightmap filename 1 = Amount of layers worldSize = X/Z value in the .otc [Has to be the same] Cliffdrop.dds = texture name
Cliffdrop.raw 1 ; worldSize, diffusespecular, normalheight, blendmap, blendmapmode, alpha 3000 , Cliffdrop.dds , Cliffdrop.dds
.terrn -> .tobj¶
;After the configuration lines in the .terrn (usually after line 4) Copy all the lines after it except "end".
1385.381592, 300.027374, 736.709045, 0.000000, 0.000000, 0.000000, truckshop 1388.14, 300.974, 716.53, 0, 0, 0, truck wrecker.truck
We're done with the text editor now.
Removing the terrain shininess¶
If you tried the terrain in-game right now, you'd see there is a large white space over the terrain where the sun is. I will use GIMP with the dds texture plugin to fix this. I recommend backing up your original texture image first.
Open your texture in GIMP (in this case, Cliffdrop.jpg)¶
Go to Layer > Mask > Add Layer Mask...¶
Select Black (full transparency) and click 'Add'¶
It should now look like this:¶
Go to File > Export As...¶
Set the file format to .dds¶
Set the compression type to 'BC3 / DXT5' and click 'OK'¶
You can now close GIMP.
Trying the terrain in-game¶
Now go ahead and zip all the files and place them in your Documents/Rigs of Rods 0.4/packs folder.
When you load the terrain in Rigs of Rods, You should have a working 0.4-ported terrain!
Removing the alpha mask¶
If you want to edit an existing terrain texture or don't have the original image anymore, you can follow these steps to remove the alpha mask:
Install paint.net if you don't already have it.
Since paint.net does not have this functionality by default, you also need to install dpy's Plugin Pack.
To install the plugins, open the zip file and drag the
.dll files inside the
dpyplugins8.1 folder into paint.net's Effects folder, usually located in
Continue when it asks for administrator permission.
Now open your
.dds file in paint.net and navigate to
Effects -> Color -> Alpha_to_255.
That's it! You can now edit the image and re-apply the alpha mask using the above steps once you're done.